Introduction The first recorded work on gangs in Canada was a study of juveniles in street gangs in Toronto by Kenneth H. Since that time, many research and evaluation studies have been added to this growing field. In the s, gangs and their activities were given renewed attention when media organizations and many police departments began to increasingly attribute street shootings in many cities to youth gangs Ezeonu, Over the past 25 years, this has led to increased efforts by researchers, evaluators and policymakers to better understand the issue and to develop solutions to address youth gang involvement and gang-related activities in Canada.
National Youth Gang Survey Analysis Introduction The National Gang Center NGC conducted an annual survey of law enforcement agencies between — to assess the extent of gang problems by measuring the presence, characteristics, and behaviors of local gangs in jurisdictions throughout the United States.
Numerous charts and descriptions are provided as a resource for understanding gang problems. Survey Sample and Methodology The National Youth Gang Survey NYGS is based on a nationally representative sample of more than 2, law enforcement agencies serving larger cities, suburban counties, smaller cities, and rural counties.
The average annual response rate was approximately 85 percent for the entire sample, as well as within each area type. More than 95 percent of the agencies have reported gang-related survey data at least once over the previous three survey cycles.
Agencies included in the two nationally representative NYGS samples are as follows: Hereafter, larger cities refers to cities with populations of 50, or more, and smaller cities refers to cities with populations between 2, and 49, Study population refers to the entire group of jurisdictions that the current sample represents; that is, all jurisdictions served by county law enforcement agencies and all jurisdictions with populations of 2, or more served by city e.
Sixty-three percent of the agencies in the — NYGS sample were also surveyed from topermitting a longitudinal assessment of gang problems in a large number of jurisdictions.
Standard questions asked each year include the following in these charts: Other questions asked are also included in these charts; however, these questions are asked intermittently and not every survey year. The questions include year of gang onset, demographic characteristics of gang members, gang unit operation, gang member migration patterns, gang-related offenses, definitional characteristics of a gang, and designations of gang membership.ReVue de L’IPC 3 IPCReVue de L Overview of Aboriginal Youth Gangs in Canada The focus of this paper is on Aboriginal youth gang members aged years.
In Canada, it is estimated that twenty-two percent of known gang members are Aboriginal, and that there are between active Aboriginal gang. Gang Involvement Prevention.
Preventing youth involvement in gangs is an important issue. Compared to non-gang members, gang members commit a disproportionate amount of violent crimes and offenses across the country.
Youth Street Gangs Involvement of young people who come together for the primary purpose of for-profit criminal or violent activity Criminal activity is for the purpose of advancing the cause of the group (i.e.
a street gang). Gangs in Canada are mostly present in the major urban areas of Canada, although their activities are not confined to large cities.
Types. The most prevalent gangs in Canada include: Street gangs; Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs Youth gangs are also almost entirely aboriginal based.
The National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC) of Public Safety Canada is committed to developing and disseminating practical knowledge to address the problem of youth gangs.
This information sheet is part of a series on youth gangs. It includes highlights from the Canadian Police Survey on Youth Gangs as well as other sources of information . “Then you get to Calgary, and it’s Asian gangs like the FOB, their rivals the FK, and in Winnipeg you have, by and large, aboriginal youth gangs.” A Winnipeg Police Service report described the city as Canada’s “aboriginal street gang capital,” with an estimated 1,, active gang members in groups like the Mad Cowz and.