Visit Website Did you know? As early asin his memoir and propaganda tract "Mein Kampf" My StruggleAdolf Hitler had predicted a general European war that would result in "the extermination of the Jewish race in Germany. In the mids, he began the rearmament of Germany, secretly and in violation of the Versailles Treaty.
Visit Website Did you know? From tofree copies were given to every newlywed German couple. Through the s, Hitler gave speech after speech in which he stated that unemployment, rampant inflation, hunger and economic stagnation in postwar Germany would continue until there was a total revolution in German life.
Most problems could be solved, he explained, if communists and Jews were driven from the nation. His fiery speeches swelled the ranks of the Nazi Party, especially among young, economically disadvantaged Germans. InHitler and his followers staged the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, a failed takeover of the government in Bavaria, a state in southern Germany.
After his release from prison, he set about rebuilding the Nazi Party and attempting to gain power through the election process. Hitler and the Nazis Come to Power: The Nazis capitalized on the situation by criticizing the ruling government and began to win elections.
In JanuaryHitler was appointed German chancellor and his Nazi government soon came to control every aspect of German life. Under Nazi rule, all other political parties were banned. Inthe Nazis opened their first concentration camp, in DachauGermany, to house political prisoners.
Dachau evolved into a death camp where countless thousands of Jews died from malnutrition, disease and overwork or were executed. Although the Treaty of Versailles was explicitly based on the principle of the self-determination of peoples, he pointed out that it had separated Germans from Germans by creating such new postwar states as Austria and Czechoslovakia, where many Germans lived.
From the mid- to late s, Hitler undermined the postwar international order step by step.
He withdrew Germany from the League of Nations inrebuilt German armed forces beyond what was permitted by the Treaty of Versailles, reoccupied the German Rhineland inannexed Austria in and invaded Czechoslovakia in Fight to Dominate Europe: At the beginning of the war, Hitler and his Nazi Party were fighting to dominate Europe; five years later they were fighting to exist.
By lateJews were banned from most public places in Germany. In the invasion and occupation of Poland, German troops shot thousands of Polish Jews, confined many to ghettoes where they starved to death and began sending others to death camps in various parts of Poland, where they were either killed immediately or forced into slave labor.
Inwhen Germany invaded the Soviet Union, Nazi death squads machine-gunned tens of thousands of Jews in the western regions of Soviet Russia. In andJews in the western occupied countries including France and Belgium were deported by the thousands to the death camps mushrooming across Europe.Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler (), the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, or Nazi Party, grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany through totalitarian means from to.
The Latvian Legion formed during World War II when Baltic countries such as Latvia found themselves stuck between the German forces and the Soviet Union. Latvia was briefly . After conquering Poland, Hitler focused on defeating Britain and France.
As the war expanded, the Nazi Party formed alliances with Japan and Italy in the Tripartite Pact of , and honored its. News about World War II (), including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. The devastation of the Great War (as World War I was known at the time) had greatly destabilized Europe, and in many respects World War II grew out of issues left unresolved by that earlier.
The Latvian Legion formed during World War II when Baltic countries such as Latvia found themselves stuck between the German forces and the Soviet Union.
Latvia was briefly occupied by the Soviet.