In Britain at the time, the word "patriot" had a negative connotation and was used as a negative epithet for "a factious disturber of the government", according to Samuel Johnson. During the Revolution, these persons became known primarily as Loyalists. Afterward, many emigrated north to the remaining British territories in Canada.
By the time the American Revolution took place, the citizens of these colonies were beginning to get tired of the British rule. Rebellion and discontent were rampant. For those people who see the change in the American government and society a real Revolution, the Revolution is essentially an economic one.
The main reason the colonies started rebelling against 'mother England' was the taxation issue. The colonies debated England's legal power to tax them and, furthermore, did not wish to be taxed without representation.
This was one of the main causes of the Revolutionary War. The Revenue Act of made the constitutional issue of whether or not the King had the right to tax the thirteen colonies an issue, and this eventually "became an entering wedge in the great dispute that was finally to wrest the American colonies from England" Olsen6.
It was the phrase 'taxation without representation' "that was to draw many to the cause of the American patriots against the mother country" 6. The reaction against taxation was often violent and the most powerful and articulate groups in the population rose against the taxation 6.
In October ofcolonial representatives met on their own initiative for the first time and decided to "mobilize colonial opinion against parliamentary interference in American affairs" 6. From this point on, events began to reach the point of no return for the colonies. Inthe First Continental Congress met and formed an 'Association,' which ended up assuming leadership and spurred new local organizations to end royal authority Olsen, 9.
Because of the influence of these Associations, many people joined the movement, and collection of supplies and mobilization of troops began to take place.
The leadership of the Association was able to fan "public opinion into revolutionary ardor" 9. However, not everyone favored the revolutionary movement; this was especially true in areas of mixed ethnic cultures and in those that were untouched by the war.
The citizens of the middle colonies were especially unenthusiastic about the revolution Ward Among those who did support a change in the government structure, not everyone who joined the movement favored violence.
Quakers and members of other religions, as well as many merchants from the middle colonies, and some discontented farmers and frontiersmen from southern colonies opposed the use of violence, and instead favored "discussion and compromise as the proper solution" Olsen, 9.
The patriots were able to gain a great deal of support for a violent Revolution from the less well-to-do, from many of the professional class, especially lawyers, some of the great planters and a number of merchants 9. Support for the Revolution increased when it became clear that King "George III had no intention of making concessions" 9.
By the Fall ofthe American people "had in place the mechanisms of revolutionary organization on the local and colony level.
A Congress of the colonies would coordinate and control the revolutionary movement" Ward, The Revolutionary War erupted on April 19, The reason the British and the Americans resorted to using arms after a decade of fighting verbally and ideologically over the rights of the British subjects in the colonies, was because both sides had finally "become convinced that force alone could decide the issues that divided the empire" Miller In Aprilthe battle of Lexington occurred, closely followed by the battle of Concord.
The shot at Lexington marked the first blood spilled in the war of the American independence Ward, 3. These two very important instances of bloodshed served to evoke the spirit of American patriotism all over the colonies Olsen, The Second Continental Congress met on May 10, and George Washington was elected commander of the patriotic forces.
He and his army fought for the defense of American liberty and consequently led America to independence Ward, The British rejection of the Olive Branch Petition, which expressed a "general desire for the restoration of harmony between Britain and her colonies" Thomas, issued in the summer of"stiffened the patriots' resolve towards independence" BMPLAfter the French and Indian War, British enforcement gradually became stricter through acts that were placed on the colonies, which eventually led to the recognition .
In the eighteenth century, during the American Revolutionary War, there were two opposing sides fighting against each other, the Patriots and the Loyalists. The Patriots rebelled against the British control, while the Loyalists, also known as “Tories” to the Patriots, remained loyal to the British crown.
What the British travellers Nicholas Cresswell and Janet Schaw witnessed in America that inspired their grim appraisals was the harsh and uncompromising enforcement of loyalty to the Patriot cause, often pursued through intimidation, threats, and violence.
Formal acts of revolt against British ascendancy commenced in when the Patriot Suffolk Resolves efficaciously abolished the licit regime of the Province of More about The American Revolutionary War Essay.
Comparing The American Revolutionary War and The French Revolution Words | 4 Pages;. During the American Revolution, colonists like Benjamin Franklin who supported republicanism and eventually, independence, came to be known as Patriots. Historians estimate that about % of. Patriots (also known as Revolutionaries, Continentals, Rebels, or American Whigs) were those colonists of the Thirteen Colonies who rejected British rule during the American Revolution and declared the United States of America as .