Rochester Institute of Technology The causes of conformity among individuals have long been debated and researched in recent decades. The research examined for this piece fits the categories of a model proposed to explain the five main motivational reasons to conform:
Types of conformity A. Publicly acting in accord with social pressure while privately disagreeing. This term best describes the behavior of a person who is motivated to gain reward or avoid punishment.
On the level of compliance, many experimenters see little difference between animals and humans, because all organisms respond to rewards and punishments.
As with compliance, we do not behave in a particular way because such behavior is intrinsically satisfying. Rather, we adopt a particular behavior because it puts us in a satisfying relationship to the person or persons with whom we are identifying.
We do come to believe in the opinions and values we adopt, though not very strongly. We want to be like some particular person. Want to be just like your father. Both acting and believing in accord with social pressure. This is the most permanent, deeply rooted response to social influence.
Internalization is motivated by a desire to be right. If the person who provides the influence is perceived to be trustworthy and of good judgment, we accept the belief he or she advocates and we integrate it into our belief system.
Comparison of the three: Compliance is the least enduring and has the least effect on the individual, because people comply merely to gain reward or to avoid punishment. Rewards and punishments are very important means to get people to learn and to perform specific activities but are limited as techniques of social influence because they must be ever present to be effective - unless the individual discovers some additional reason for continuing the behavior.
Continuous reward or punishment is not necessary for identification. You will continue to hold beliefs similar to the SO as long as he remains important to you, he still holds the same beliefs, and those beliefs are not challenged by counter-opinions that are more convincing.
If the SOs beliefs change or he becomes less important to you, your beliefs can change.
They can also change if people who are more important to you express different beliefs. The effect of identification can also be dissipated by a desire to be right. Internalization is the most permanent response to social influence because your motivation to be right is a powerful and self-sustaining force that does not depend on constant surveillance as does complianceor on your continued esteem for another person or group as does identification.
In compliance, the important component is power -the power of the influencer to dole out rewards and punishments. In identification, the crucial component is attractiveness - the attractiveness of the person with whom we identify.
Because we identify with the model, we want to hold the same opinions that the model holds. In internalization, the crucial component is credibility - the credibility of the person who supplies the information 5. Any of the three can determine behavior. In the Asch studies, it seems obvious the subjects were complying with the unanimous opinion of the group in order to avoid the punishment of ridicule or rejection.
If either identification or internalization had been involved, the conforming behavior would have persisted in private NOTE: Subjects gave different answers when responses were not public.
Circumstances can increase the permanence of conformity produced by compliance or identification. While complying, we might discover something about our actions, or about the consequences of our actions, that makes it worthwhile to continue the behavior even after the original reason for compliance is no longer forthcoming.Rebellion leads to chaos with change, whereas, conformity leads to the success or downfall of a society.
Communist governments who do not enforce the rule and order are creating a possible downfall leading to uprisings and rebellion. Example 1: In the soviet union during the cold war involving the. quotes have been tagged as conformity: Ralph Waldo Emerson: ‘To be yourself in a world that is constantly trying to make you something else is the gr.
Conformity is defined as a change in behavior or belief in order to accord with others. We all strive to be liked and to fit in, sometimes conforming to others around us is the only was we see fit to do so.
* Those who feel alienated from the rest of society will often feel the need to rebel against the rules of that society. This is a common way for addicts to feel and behave. * Mental illness will often mean that the individual is unable to conform to the expectations of society.
One of society’s popular issues – conformity, is the act of one individual likely to change his or her thoughts, behaviors, and attitudes in order to fit in a group or to follow social norms.
Norms are understood as unspoken, invisible rules appeared by a group of . Rebellion can cause young people to rebel against doesn't need a lot of rebellion to Adolescent rebellion is part of the 'refiner's fire' of developmental change that engages in opposition.