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Approximate extension of the area under Tartessian influence Notice: IPA The Tartessian language is the extinct Paleohispanic language of inscriptions in the Southwestern script found in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula: There are 95 of these inscriptions, the longest having 82 readable signs.
Around one-third of them were found in Early Iron Age necropolises or other Iron Age burial sites associated with rich complex burials. It is usual to date them to the 7th century BC and consider the southwestern script to be the most ancient Paleohispanic scriptwith characters most closely resembling specific Phoenician letter forms found in inscriptions dated to c.
Five of the inscriptions occur on stelae with what has been interpreted as Late Bronze Age carved warrior gear from the Urnfield culture. Three of the 95 stelae, plus some graffiti, belong to the core area: Alcala del Rio Untermann J. Four have also been found in the Middle Guadiana in Extremaduraand the rest have been found in the south of Portugal Algarve and Lower Alentejowhere the Greek and Roman sources locate the pre-Roman Cempsi and SefesCynetesand Celtici peoples.
History The most confident dating is for the Tartessian inscription J.
It is only two signs long, reading ]tetu['' or perhaps '']tute[. The Turdetani of the Roman period are generally considered the heirs of the Tartessian culture.
Like all the paleohispanic scriptswith the exception of the Greco-Iberian alphabetTartessian uses syllabic glyphs for plosive consonant s and alphabetic letters for other consonants.
Thus it is a mixture of an alphabet and a syllabarya system called a semi-syllabary. Some researchers believe these scripts are descended solely from the Phoenician alphabet ; others that the Greek alphabet had an influence as well.
The Tartessian script is very similar to the southeastern Iberian scriptboth in the shapes of the signs and in their values. The main difference is that southeastern Iberian script does not redundantly mark the vocalic values of syllabic characters.
This was discovered by Ulrich Schmoll and allows the classification of most of the characters into vowelsconsonants and syllabic characters. As of the s, the decipherment of the script was largely complete, thus the sound values of most of the characters are known.
Classification Tartessian is generally left unclassified, due to lack of data, or proposed to be a language isolate due to an absence of connections to the Indo-European languages. Koch has argued that Tartessian is a Celtic language and that the texts can be translated.
Longest Tartessian text known at present, with 82 signs, 80 of which have an identifiable phonetic value. This formula contains two groups of Tartessian stems that appear to inflect as verbs: Guerra Fonte Velha Bensafrim J.Note from Mack: This post was written in while I was writing my book Think Like a Rock metin2sell.com goal of this post was to provide helpful advice for others, especially my many friends in consulting that were curious about the entire process of writing their own book.
Tartessian inscriptions are in the Southwestern script, also known as the Tartessian or South Lusitanian script. Like all the paleohispanic scripts, with the exception of the Greco-Iberian alphabet, Tartessian uses syllabic glyphs for plosive consonant s and alphabetic letters for other consonants.
Tartessos' wealth was described by ancient authors and mentioned multiple times in the Bible, yet the land remained as mythical (but far less well known) as "El Dorado" until archaeologists eventually found traces of the Tartessian culture in the second half of the 20th century CE.
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Oct 02, · How to Start Writing a Book: 9 Steps to Becoming an Author October 2, by Kasia Mikoluk Writing a book is one of the most challenging and rewarding things you will ever metin2sell.com: Kasia Mikoluk. Tartessian inscriptions One of the enduring consequences of the era of Phoenician influence—which had by around BC progressed from trading outposts to full-blown colonies in southern Spain—was the adoption of alphabetic writing by the native population, first in the south-west.