What Hobbes calls the first law of naturefor instance, is that every man ought to endeavour peace, as far as he has hope of obtaining it; and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek and use all helps and advantages of war. In the absence of a higher authority to adjudicate disputes, everyone fears and mistrusts everyone else, and there can be no justicecommerce, or culture.
Introduction Earth as we know it is an incredibly complex and fragile network of interconnected systems that have developed slowly over the last 4. From the ashes of the Big Bang this planet emerged as a mass of energy and elements. From that newly born mass of energy and elements evolved structured, dynamic systems of solids, liquids, and gases.
The evolution of this planet continued to unfold over billions of years in such a unique way that eventually conditions arose with the ability to foster life. From the smallest microorganisms to the largest animals, all life on Earth has a common ancestor. Everything is connected to everything.
So how is it that our species has come to dominate the landscape in such a short period of time? Furthermore, what gives us the right to do so? However, our rapid success as a species has begun to affect this natural order. The ability of humans to manipulate the landscape and recognize the consequences of doing so puts us in a peculiar position.
As a species we are assigned the duty to provide and proliferate. Our goal is to achieve stability for ourselves and our kin. However Preserving nature vs reshaping nature also have an obligation to maintain the environment, as we depend on the resources and services it provides.
The question then becomes: Do we have the right to manipulate the land, factory farm animals, and pollute waterways?
Or do we have an obligation to reduce our numbers and merely subsist?
In order to answer these questions we must rely on our knowledge of Earth, evolution, and our influence on the environment. History Our relationship with nature has historically been one of imbalance and overuse. Nearly every step in human history has unfortunately been accompanied with a leap in environmental degradation.
At first, humans were incredibly in-tune with their surroundings. Nomadic hunter-gatherer tribes used to roam the lands, following the ebb and flow of the seasons.
These tribes had a measurable impact on the environment, but their influence was relatively manageable due to their population size. With advancements in technology and agriculture though, humans began to find more efficient ways of sustaining themselves. These advancements allowed for more permanent settlements, which led to rapid population growth and a distancing from nature.
As society evolved, populations grew and more and more resources were required to fuel the expansion. With breakthroughs in agriculture, settlements became more permanent and cities began to take shape.
This shift to city life inadvertently led to a distancing from nature. While many people were still in-tune with nature on a subsistent level, the need for more and more resources began to change our regard for nature.
Although our distancing from nature began several thousand years ago with advancements in agriculture and social order, it is the age of industry to which we owe our modern regard for nature.
The growth of cities allowed for a separation between people and nature and our obsession with convenience and efficiency beckoned a new perspective on the environment.
With technological advancements, nature became something we were no longer apart of and entirely subject to, but something that we could control and profit off of. The growth of industry enabled humans to truly dominate the landscape and disrupt the natural systems that have been in place for billions of years.
As we have removed ourselves further and further from nature, we have developed a willing ignorance of our role and relationship within it. With the growth of cities and trade we have moved from a subsistent, sustainable economy to one of greed and exploitation. Humans have always had an impact on the environment, but with the age of industry that impact has been ultra-magnified.
Population growth has been exponentiated, cities have become the primary place of residence, and the majority of the world is now out of touch with the workings of nature. Although every species plays a unique role in the biosphere and inherently has its own impact, not every species has the cognitive ability to measure their influence or the capacity to change it.
Humans are unique in that respect, which is the root of the problem.
We know we are crippling the environment.Environment vs Economy. metin2sell.com Should environmental groups play a role in preserving those regions threatened by human encroachment, even if it is jeopardizing interests of the economic growth?
How should the interests of competing groups be balanced? While many argue that nature needs to be protected, others look at it as a.
Does the idea of “nature” provide any kind of ethical touchstone to guide and to limit human impacts on ecosystems or the biochemical basis of life?
And does the idea of “human nature” similarly provide any kind of moral structure to govern our use of biotechnological means to alter human. Restricted perinatal retinal degeneration induces retina reshaping and correlated structural rearrangement of the retinotopic map Nicola A.
Maiorano and Robert Hindges. 2 ( mm2 vs. mm2, respectively). Unpaired Student’s t-test, 4 retinae for each genotype analyzed.
The Human Relation With Nature and Technological Nature Peter H. Kahn, Jr., Rachel L. Severson, and Jolina H. Ruckert University of Washington ABSTRACT—Two world trends are powerfully reshaping human existence: the degradation, if not destruction, of. While environmentalism focuses more on the environmental and nature-related aspects of green ideology and politics, After a focus on preserving wilderness in the s and s, the Sierra Club and other groups broadened their focus to include such issues as air and water pollution, population concern, and curbing the exploitation of.
RESHAPING NATURE Critical analysis of recent floods in Uttarakhand _____ “The environmentalist goal of ‘preserving nature’ unavoidably conflicts with the requirements of human life: Man's basic means of survival is to reshape nature to serve his ends, to take the raw materials of his environment and use them to produce values.