According to Robbinsthis is one of five recurrent themes or theses within the political ecology literature. The focus in this literature has usually nbsp; Political Ecology, I Territorial Masquerades Robbins traces four main narratives in the field: He summarizes these narratives toward the end of the book Otherwise environmentally innocuous production systems undergo transition to overex- ploitation of natural resources on which they depend as a response to state development.
Rational choice, therefore, was used to form an apparently apolitical theory of environmental commons. Examining its tools, theory, and praxis from a historical point of view. Political ecology demonstrated how apolitical theory, like the example above which points to rational choice as an explanation, proved to be inadequate.
They were inadequate when attempting to explain people relationship to the environment because there exists a myriad of motives behind land usage, which are explicitly political and social. Political ecology elucidates environmental issues in terms of different dimensions and levels of power, marginalization, and social and political economies.
It takes a completely normative approach incorporating multiple methods and theories to provide the most all-encompassing exploration of environmental issues. Political ecology adopts materialism, and its Marxian roots, when applying concepts to environmental problems facing specific populations.
Materialism explains the modes of production as a product of the raw material goods present to populations. These interactions in their modes of production produce politics, law and other cultural conceptions.
Thus, for political ecology materialism is a means of looking at environmental usage from their historically changing horizons. These interactions change over time as surplus changes, demand, or environmental factors which precipitate political and social change in order to reorganize and amply allow for proper production.
For example the turtle farming could be framed in terms of its environmental extraction, and its carrying capacity, as global markets were brought in and demand became greater.
Political ecologist could forecast conflict, political and social, as previous theories of property are challenged as a product of changing modes of production in order to provide enough materials. This brings to the forefront certain cultural concepts that cater to western thinking.
Colonialism changed local economies, social structuring, and industries in order to bolster the burgeoning economic expansion of Europe. Previous systems of production were replaced by productions that served European consumptions. As global markets became intertwined colonial consumption patterns proved to marginalize subjugated colonist because they had become dependent on these economic impositions.
Theories of power, put forth by people like Foucault and deconstruction, demonstrated that power is produced through discourse and not any one specific factor. Peasant studies provided insight into marginalized people in specific populations as well as marginalized communities in post-colonial conceptions and economic systems.
Political ecology was a response to the challenges and lack of explanatory ability advocated by previous scientific systems.
By combining various conceptual and practical applications in historically posited terms political ecology was able to overcome the shortcomings.
Things like power showed that history was necessary when explaining power and thus when looking at environmental extraction history cannot be excluded.
Feminism showed that no scientific system was accurate in articulating different peoples usage of the environment. Peasant studies highlighted the shortcomings of concrete economic concepts and that there needed to be a more overarching view when exploring environmental management.
Thus, political ecology provided a conglomerate of views that more accurately described environmental issues. Political ecology signaled a movement away from apolitical prescriptions for environmental issues.Militant Oil Agitations in Nigeria’s Niger Delta and the Economy Mr.
Fidelis A.E. PAKI The area suffers from gross environmental degradation and endemic poverty.
Thus the unabated marginalization, disempowerment, segregation, suppression and repression of hitherto peaceful agitations by the people for decades made violent oil agitations. Prepared by Valerie J. Packota. Introduction.
Emotional abuse is one of the most prevalent forms of abuse of women by their intimate partners and its damage is unquestionably severe, undermining a woman's sense of worth, agency, and independence. Nov 24, · Muhammad Atta's Master Thesis by Paul Amar Starting in the s, in the core of Egypt’s capital city, a thriving, densely populated (now mostly working-class) community known as Islamic Cairo or Fatimid Cairo became the nexus of new projects of heritage restoration, cultural moralization, and population management.
Climate Change, demography, Environmental degradation, and armed Conflict C marginalization can lead to rural-to-rural migra-tion, potentially causing inter-ethnic conflicts over land, and migration from rural to urban Medium land degradation Higher risk Higher risk Not significant. POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENT: PRIORITIES FOR RESEARCH AND POLICY AN OVERVIEW STUDY Prepared for the United Nations Development Programme and European Commission.
ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE & SECURITY PROJECT REPORT, ISSUE 6 (SUMMER ) 77 Commentary COMMENTARY: DEBATING ENVIRONMENT, POPULATION, AND CONFLICT The environment, population, and conflict thesis remains central to current environment and security debates.
During the s, an explosion of scholarship and policy attention was devoted to unraveling the .