Conflict Theory and Functionalism Conflict Theory and Functionalism There are three main theories of sociology; functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. They focus on different values, assume different things about society and differ in their explanations of power.
Functionalism is defined as? In functionalism society is conceived as a system of interrelated parts in which no part can be understood in isolation from the whole Wallace, Wolf, ?
On the other hand conflict theorists do not agree with the unity in society that functionalist believe in. Conflict theorists see an arena in which groups fight for power Wallace, Wolf, ? These two theories create very different ways of looking at the world but each have strong points and evidence to back them up.
Functionalism emphasizes the interdependence of the system? Contributions made by the shared values link to the existence of the social system, and the equilibrium among the interrelated parts.
The theory of functionalism values the integration of all parts of society. It also values a normal state of affairs or equilibrium Wallace, Wolf Additionally it focuses on the society as a whole instead of individuals. Functionalism has two major grounds. The first is the analysis of societies by analogy with biological organisms.
The other is the assessment of social institutions in terms of the role and function they play in a social system. An example of the analysis of societies is society is a social organism, and the human body is a biological organism.
There are four aspects of society. Economic, political, legal, and the social system, they come together to form and maintain society. There were several early supporters of functionalism. These men developed the concepts and ideas that founded this theory.
Auguste Comte is known as the founder of sociology and was the first to show society as a social organism because of the interdependence of all the parts of society.
Spencer meant the mutual dependence of unlike parts of the system Wallace, Wolf, Talcott Parsons set out four functional basics important for society: Emile Durkheim is known as the father of functionalism.
He is the most important sociological forerunner of modern functionalism Wallace, Wolf ? Durkheim viewed progress as a movement from automatic unity of family based societies to the natural unity characteristic of industrial societies. Durkheim bases his theory on social structure or unity and on two specific societal needs, integration and regulation.
His hypothesis is that societies characterized by too much or too little integration or regulation will have serious societal problems The main assumptions of Functionalism are that a society is a system of integrated parts; social systems tend to be stable because they have built-in mechanisms of control.
Also functionalists believe that dysfunctions do not exist, but tend to resolve themselves or become institutionalized in the long run. They believe change is usually gradual, and that social integration is produced by the agreement of most members of society on a certain set of values.
The value system is the most stable element of the social system. Conflict theory is the major alternative to functionalism as an approach to analyzing general structure of society; and it is increasingly popular and important in modern sociology Wallace, Wolf ?
Karl Marx was the creator of conflict theory in sociology. He believed that people have an essential nature and clearly defined interests. He also analyzed both historical and contemporary society in terms of conflicts between different social groups with different interests.
You can see this in society today through the impact that technology has on our everyday lives. Another early supporter of conflict theory was Max Weber.
He was highly concerned with power and with the ways in some people gained domination over other people.Comparing and contrasting the functionalist perspective with that of the conflict theory Marxist and functionalism are similar in that they see that the way society is structured as an important part in determining the way people have relationships and behave between themselves.
Functionalism vs Conflict Theory Essay Sample. The theory of functionalism and conflict theory differ in several ways. They focus on different values, assume different things about society and differ in their explanations of power. Conflict Theory and Functionalism This paper will focus on two of those theories, functionalism and conflict theory.
The objective is to delineate the assumptions of two out of the three theoretical perspectives and apply these assumptions to an analysis of social stratification. The conflict theory is the direct opposite of functionalism in that it focuses on the negative aspects of society, and even when something is functioning relatively well, conflict theorists tend to analyse it until they do find something wrong, making a mountain out of a metaphoric molehill.
The Functionalist Perspective sees society as a system. Regarding the technology gap facing the poor and minorities, a functionalist perspective would cover this issue based on the society's consensus due to their core beliefs and values. While structural functionalism emerged, other theories like neo-functionalism, conflict theory and system theory challenged the foundation of structural functionalism perspective.
The structural functionalism theory was the most prevalent approach of thinking in sociology in the ’s and s.