An introduction to the definition of a hacker

How do I tell if I am already a hacker? Ask yourself the following three questions:

An introduction to the definition of a hacker

Hans Sjoholm and Linda Rosencrance Share this item with your network: A hacker is an individual who uses computer, networking or other skills to overcome a technical problem. The term hacker may refer to anyone with technical skills, but it often refers to a person who uses his or her abilities to gain unauthorized access to systems or networks in order to commit crimes.

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A hacker may, for example, steal information to hurt people via identity theftdamage or bring down systems and, often, hold those systems hostage to collect ransom. The term hacker has historically been a divisive one, sometimes being used as a term of admiration for an individual who exhibits a high degree of skill, as well as creativity in his or her approach to technical problems.

However, the term is more commonly applied to an individual who uses this skill for illegal or unethical purposes. Types of hackers The security community has informally used references to hat color as a way different types of hacker are identified, usually divided into three types: The security firms then help their customers mitigate security issues before criminal hackers can exploit them.

Black hat hackers intentionally gain unauthorized access to networks and systems with malicious intent, whether to steal data, spread malware or profit from ransomware, vandalize or otherwise damage systems or for any other reason -- including gaining notoriety.

Black hat hackers are criminals by definition because they violate laws against accessing systems without authorization, but they may also engage in other illegal activity, including identity theft and distributed denial-of-service attacks.

Hacker | Definition of Hacker by Merriam-Webster

Gray hat hackers fall somewhere between white hat hackers and black hat hackers. While their motives may be similar to those of white hat hackers, gray hats are more likely than white hat hackers to access systems without authorization ; at the same time, they are more likely than black hat hackers to avoid doing unnecessary damage to the systems they hack.

A black hat hacker accesses systems without authorization and steals or damages data Hackers of all types participate in forums to exchange hacking information and tradecraft.

There are a number of hacker forums where white hat hackers can discuss or ask questions about hacking. Other white hat forums offer technical guides with step-by-step instructions on hacking. Forums and marketplaces serving black hat hackers are often hosted on the dark weband offer black hat hackers with an outlet for offering, trading and soliciting illegal hacking services.

Criminal hackers, who sometimes lack their own technical skills, often use scripts and other specifically designed software programs to break into corporate networks.

This software may manipulate network data network connection to gather intelligence about the workings of the target system. These scripts can be found posted on the internet for anyone, usually entry-level hackers, to use. Hackers with limited skills are sometimes called script kiddiesreferring to their need to use malicious scripts and their inability to create their own code.

Advanced hackers might study these scripts and then modify them to develop new methods.

Copyright 1999, 2002 by Ronald B. Standler

It has evolved over the years to refer to a person with an advanced understanding of computers, networking, programming or hardware.

For many in technology, the term hacker is best applied to those who use their skills without malicious intent, but over time the term has been applied to people who use their skills maliciously. To counter the trend of labeling skillful technologists as criminals, the term cracker was proposed for criminal hackers, with the intention of removing the stigma from being labeled a hacker.

Within the hacker-cracker framework, hackers are those who seek to identify flaws in security systems and work to improve them, including security experts tasked with locating and identifying flaws in systems and fixing those vulnerabilities.

Crackers, on the other hand, are intent on breaching computer and network security to exploit those same flaws for their own gain. While technologists have promoted use of the term cracker over the years, the distinction between differently motivated hackers is more commonly referenced by the use of white hat, gray hat or black hat.

Famous hackers While many famous technologists have been considered hackers, including Donald Knuth, Ken Thompson, Vinton CerfSteve Jobs and Bill Gates, black hat hackers are more likely to gain notoriety as hackers in mainstream accounts. Gates was also caught breaking into corporate systems as a teenager before founding Microsoft.

An introduction to the definition of a hacker

Some notorious black hat hackers include: Anonymous is a group of hackers from around the world who meet on online message boards and social networking forums. Jonathan James gained notoriety for hacking into multiple websites, including those of the U.

InJames became the first juvenile -- he was just 16 years old -- to be incarcerated for computer hacking.Definition of hacker - a person who uses computers to gain unauthorized access to data., a person or thing that hacks or cuts roughly.

A computer hacker is any skilled computer expert that uses their technical knowledge to overcome a problem. While "hacker" can refer to any skilled computer programmer, the term has become associated in popular culture with a "security hacker", someone who, with their technical knowledge, uses bugs or exploits to break into computer systems.

Regardless of the definition, there are unwritten rules or principles that a hacker will ultimately live by. The belief that information sharing is a powerful exercise and that is the ethical duty of hackers to share their expertise through the creation of free software and through facilitating access to information and to computing resources.

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