What are the Different Types of Personality Theories? How this occurs, and how the resulting personality can best be described, has been the subject of many theories.
Freud believed the three components of personality were the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is responsible for all needs and urges, while the superego for ideals and moral. The ego moderates between the demands of the id, the superego, and reality.
However Erikson believed that personality progressed through a series of stages, with certain conflicts arising at each stage.
Success in any stage depended upon successfully overcoming these conflicts this would be a lot to talk about in the 30 minutes i have but if you want me to describe them in another lesson I will be more than willing.
The advantage to psychodynamic is that it encompasses the individual as a whole, meaning that the theory looks at personality from childhood all the way into adulthood.
The disadvantages of this theory is that is cannot be tested validly. Therefore, there is not much research supporting these theories The five-factor model includes five broad domains or dimensions of personality that are used to describe human personality.
The five factors are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. While these five traits should be sufficient on their own to describe all facets of a personality, there also should be no correlation between the main factors.
The Five Factor Model is now perhaps the most widely use trait theory of personality and has achieved the closest thing to a consensus in personality research. The advantage to this theory is that there has been multiple research studies conduct on this theory. Results suggest that this theory is effective in describing and determining personality.
However, this theory is very categorical and does not allow for much flexibility. It also looks at the person personality at that time and now how it developed. The humanist approach to personality has been developed by famous theorists like Rogers and Maslow.
Maslow explained the human needs in a pyramid-like figure. At the bottom of the pyramid are the physiological needs air, food, water, etc. Next to it are the safety and security needs shelter, protection, etc.
Love and belongingness needs come next acceptance, affection, friendship, etc. The fourth portion includes the self-esteem needs sense of mastery, power, appreciation, etc. And at the top is self actualization, or the tendency of being your finest.
These five human needs are the ones that motivate us- to go from primitive needs to the higher needs. On the other hand, Rogers believed that all people have a tendency toward growth Actualization and the need to maintain and enhance life.
The goal of existence is to satisfy this need.
He believed that experiences that are perceived as enhancing to oneself are valued as good and are therefore sought after. Experiences perceived as not enhancing are valued as bad and are avoided.
In other words, we know whats good for us! Abraham Maslow began his psychological research studying basic motivations of animals, but then shifted his focus to the higher motivations of human beings.
Abraham Maslow, like Rogers, focussed on the positive. He was interested in the qualities of people who get the most out of life. He was interested in what motivates them. The advantage of this theory is that people are seen as making their own choices in life because they know what is best for them, they are autonomic.
This is a positive view of human personality. The disadvantage is that at times, this theory can be unrealistic as not every human is striving to be the best they can be criminals. It is also disappointing because not everyone achieves self-actualization so then what happens?Start studying Personality Theories-Chapter 7-Trait Theories of Personality.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. to measure psychological traits reliably and validly is the utterly critical first step in building a science of personality in the trait-theoretical view. Chapter 7 Trait Theories. What are the Different Types of Personality Theories?
has been the subject of many theories. Most personality theories can be grouped into one of four classes: trait, psychoanalytic, social learning, and humanistic, These theoretical approaches differ markedly in the constructs they purpose as forming up structure of personality (e.g.
Each perspective has its strengths and weaknesses, and brings something different to our understanding of human behavior. For this reason, it is important that psychology does have different perspectives on the understanding and study of human and animal behavior.
What are the four main personality theories? print and different personality types can be understood through different arrangements of traits within individuals. Sociologists analyze social phenomena at different levels and from different perspectives. From concrete interpretations to sweeping generalizations of society Three Major Perspectives in Sociology. Their views form the basis for today's theoretical perspectives, or paradigms. Start studying Personality Theories-Chapter 7-Trait Theories of Personality. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. to measure psychological traits reliably and validly is the utterly critical first step in building a science of personality in the trait-theoretical view. Chapter 7 Trait Theories.
Trait theories of personality imply personality is biologically based, suggesting that there were a number of different personality traits which were being revealed by the soldier's answers.
He called these first-order personality traits The scientific analysis of Author: Saul Mcleod. Paper Details 4. Analyze this person from two other theoretical perspectives studied in this course, except for the trait perspective. 5. Summarize and present your critical opinion about how well (or not) these theories explain the person.
5 Major Perspectives in Psychology Psychology is the scientific study of how we think, feel and behave. In this lesson, you'll get an overview of the five major perspectives that have guided modern psychological research.