Here are the five major questions the board considered before the company went forward with cloning the first human embryo. What is the moral status of the organisms created by cloning?
Page xi Share Cite Suggested Citation: The National Academies Press. The decision as to whether the self-proposed practitioners of human reproductive cloning should be allowed to proceed is most properly a societal decision, and likely one that will be made by the government. An informed decision requires two kinds of inputs, medical-scientific and ethical.
It is the responsibility of the scientific and medical community to inform society if current methods are scientifically feasible and reproducible, and medically safe; and to provide guidelines to assure that if human reproductive cloning is carried out, the human participants involved are adequately advised and protected.
Once society is so informed, it will be in a position to determine whether an attempt to use reproductive cloning methods with humans is acceptable in any circumstance.
The scope of this report is limited to informing society by providing an assessment of the medical and scientific aspects of human reproductive cloning. The public debate on the possible reproductive cloning of humans is often linked to the debate on human embryonic stem ES cells.
Because one proposed method to establish new human embryonic stem cell lines uses a process very similar to the first steps in the reproductive cloning of complete humans, it is easy to understand how even a scientifically literate society could become confused about these issues.
Clarity on these matters is vitally important since these issues involve both medical risk Page xii Share Cite Suggested Citation: The present panel was charged to consider the biomedical issues surrounding the question of reproductive cloning of human beings, including making clear the distinctions between reproductive cloning and the related methods used to derive new ES cells.
And we must do so without subjecting patients and society to unwarranted medical experimentation.
Medical progress requires clinical experimentation, but that process must go forward with the highest ethical standards—and only when the risks and potential benefits are understood and agreed on by patient, physician, scientist, and participating institution. Last year, at least three groups declared that they not only were in the process of modifying the methods used first to produce a cloned living lamb Dolly in order to apply them to humans, but that they intended to carry out the reproductive cloning of human beings in the near future.
In response to the prospect of those medical experiments, the presidents of the National Academies convened a joint panel of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy COSEPUP and the Board on Life Sciences BLS to examine the scientific and medical issues relevant to human reproductive cloning and to consider the ethical issues that apply specifically to the participation of human subjects in cloning research.
The purpose of this undertaking is to clarify and provide as much understanding as possible of these issues in order to inform the much broader debate that will be carried out by a larger cross section of society.
The method used to initiate the reproductive cloning procedure is called nuclear transplantation, or somatic cell nuclear transfer SCNT. It involves replacing the chromosomes of a human egg with the nucleus of a body somatic cell from a developed human.
In reproductive cloning, the egg is then stimulated to undergo the first few divisions to become an aggregate of 64 to cells called a blastocyst.
The blastocyst is a preimplantation embryo that contains some cells with the potential to give rise to a fetus and other cells that help to make the placenta. If the blastocyst is placed in a uterus, it can implant and form a fetus. If the blastocyst is instead maintained in the laboratory, cells can be extracted from it and grown on their own.
Those cells will grow indefinitely without becoming 1 Stem cells are the subject of a complementary report from the National Academies entitled Stem Cells and the Future of Regenerative Medicine, which was released to the public in September The full text of that report is available at http:As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from metin2sell.com FAITH | LEARNING | COMMUNITY. In the way of Jesus, St Joseph’s Catholic High School aspires to respect and celebrate the dignity of all.
Inspired by the life of St Joseph, the school promotes a culture of faith, justice and service. Science, Non Science And Pseudo Science - When it comes to the word ‘science’ most of the people have some kind of knowledge about science or when they think of it there is some kind of image related to science, a theory, scientific words or scientific research, many different sorts of ideas float into an individual’s mind.
Few avenues of scientific inquiry raise more thorny ethical questions than the cloning of human beings, a radical way to control our DNA. In August , in conjunction with his decision to permit limited federal funding for stem-cell research, President George W.
The project's new research strategies and experimental technologies have generated a steady stream of ever-larger and more complex genomic data sets that have poured into public databases and have transformed the study of virtually all life processes. Chapter Three RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES The Commission was interested in religious arguments and conclusions about human cloning because religious traditions influence and guide many citizens’ responses to various issues Biomedical and Behavioral Research to examine the scientific, ethical, and social issues of gene splicing (President's. Cloning/Embryonic Stem Cells. The term cloning is used by scientists to describe many different processes that involve making duplicates of biological material. In most cases, isolated genes or cells are duplicated for scientific study, and no new animal results. The experiment that led to the cloning of Dolly the sheep in was different: It used a cloning technique called somatic cell.
Bush created the President's Council on Bioethics to address the ethical ramifications of biomedical innovation. "Major roadblocks remain before human embryonic stem cells could be transplanted into humans to cure diseases or replace injured body parts, a research pioneer said Thursday night.
Human reproductive cloning is currently the subject of much debate around the world, involving a variety of ethical, religious, societal, scientific, and medical issues. This report from the National Academies addresses only the scientific and medical aspects of human cloning.
Consideration of the medical aspects has required the panel to examine issues of scientific conduct and human-subjects.